During the second defense of Sevastopol (1941-1942), the Zheleznyakov armored train was a true legend. During 140 combat raids the train crew caused significant damage to the enemy forces. The Troitskiy Tunnel was its shelter from the enemy fire.
The heroic defense of Sevastopol by the Black Sea Fleet, the Seaside army and the population of the city in the period from October 30, 1941 to July 4, 1942 thwarted the strategic plans of the fascist command to capture the Crimea and became an important milestone in the fight against the Nazi invaders during the Great Patriotic war of 1941-1945.
The first defense of the main base on the Black Sea Fleet in Sevastopol in 1854-1855 during the Crimean war. The forces of the anti-Russian coalition, far superior to the defenders of the city in the number of ground troops and ships, expected to take Sevastopol for a week, but the siege lasted 349 days.